The historical village of Castelo Rodrigo as a whole is a genuine location of monuments preserving important medieval references. The most valuable features of its historical heritage are the old walls, the ruins of Cristóvão de Moura Palace, the 16th-century pillory, the medieval church, the parish church, the medieval cistern and inscriptions attesting to the existence of a substantial new-Christian community. For more than 600 years, Castelo Rodrigo was a town and municipal seat. More than once in the country's history, its inhabitants showed their courage and loyalty to the crown.
Our history your time
O território de Riba-Côa foi ocupado desde tempos remotos, havendo vestígios paleolíticos, megalíticos, da cultura castreja, romanos e árabes. A preocupação com a reorganização e povoamento desta área na época da Reconquista é patente nas doações aos freires Salamantinos, fundadores da Ordem de S. Julião do Pereiro, e aos primeiros frades de Santa Maria de Aguiar, oriundos de Zamora, de que o Mosteiro de Santa Maria de Aguiar, de fundação cisterciense do séc. XII, é importante testemunho.
Conquistada aos Árabes no séc. XI e dependente do Reino de Leão, foi vila elevada a concelho por Afonso IX, integrando definitivamente o território português a 12 de Setembro de 1297, pelo Tratado de Alcanizes - assinado por D. Dinis, que confirmou o seu Foral em Trancoso e mandou repovoar e reconstruir o Castelo, ação repetida por D. Fernando I, que também lhe concedeu Carta de Feira, em 1373.
Castelo Rodrigo está rodeado por uma cintura amuralhada inicialmente composta por 13 torreões (à semelhança de Ávila). Mantém a sua traça medieval, que irradia da alcáçova e acompanha a topografia. Pelas suas ruas encontram-se casas interessantes, umas manuelinas, outras construções árabes, como a casa nº 32, com inscrição e uma carranca, para além da cisterna, de 13 m de fundo, com uma porta em arco de ferradura e outra ogival.
Estando na rota de peregrinos a Compostela, aqui se ergueu a Igreja de N. Sra. de Rocamador, fundada por uma confraria de frades hospitaleiros vindos de França no séc. XIII.
Por ter tomado partido por Castela na crise de 1383-85, D. João I castigou Castelo Rodrigo, mandando que o seu brasão ficasse com as armas reais invertidas e a vila dependente de Pinhel. O pelourinho manuelino - de gaiola e grandes dimensões, atesta o poder municipal, regulamentado pelo foral novo de 1508, altura em que D. Manuel, o Rei Venturoso, mandou repovoar a vila e refazer o castelo.
Sob domínio filipino instituiu-se o condado e marquesado de Castelo Rodrigo na pessoa de Cristóvão de Moura, que mandou edificar um Palácio. Após a Restauração este foi destruído pelo povo. No largo de S. João, o padrão assinala e comemora a restauração da independência nacional.
Ainda nas lutas contra Espanha, a vila sofreu em 1664 o cerco do Duque de Ossuna, tendo a sua guarnição de 150 homens resistido heroicamente até à chegada de reforços, travando-se a batalha da Salgadela, junto ao Mosteiro de Santa Maria de Aguiar. Conta-se que o Duque de Ossuna e D. João d’Áustria escaparam disfarçados de frades.
Após as Guerras da Restauração, Castelo Rodrigo foi perdendo a sua importância, e a 25 de Junho de 1836, por Carta Régia de D. Maria II, a sede de concelho foi transferida para Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo.
Historicamente, nenhuma povoação raiana exerceu por tão longo período um lugar tão relevante nas relações Luso-Castelhanas e na defesa do território português.
What to see
Our Lady of Conception Chapel
Religious architecture of the twentieth century. Chapel with a single longitudinal floor plan, with a covered porch and an attached bell tower on the right side. Triangular-shaped main façade with a semi-circular arch gate, characterised by oblique buttresses. Façades with cornice trim, the sides having semi-circular arch windows. Interior with wooden beam ceilings and a simple altar stone.
House with calvary – rua Páteo do Castelo
This construction preserves a representative inscription of a Calvary on the door of the ground floor. Currently we can still find some symbols and traces of the presence of a community of Jewish converts that existed in the medival village of Castelo Rodrigo. Cruciform inscriptions may be associated with identifying new Christian addresses.
Casa da Cadeia (Gaol)
Its construction dates from the Manueline period, and it gave its name to the street where it is located. One can still see the places where the bars were set. These services were transferred to São Vicente de Figueira on 25 June 1836, as part of the municipal administrative reform undertaken by D. Maria II.
Where to eat
Taverna da Matilde
In a place that was once a games hall, Taverna da Matilde was born in August 2011. The space does justice to its name with a simple décor true to the idea we have of old-fashioned taverns. The wooden tables are covered with red and white check tablecloths. A robust set of iron scales, now just for show, reminds us of times when business was done face to face. An old sieve sits on a chest. We immediately associate everything with the rural world and the insistence on making and keeping good bread. This décor took many hours of work to make the place cosy and special for first-time visitors, said Delfina proudly.
Casa da Amendoeira
Colmeal Countryside Hotel
Hidden in Serra da Marofa, in Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo, the Colmeal Countryside Hotel is much more than a 4-star hotel: it is the perfect retreat to find the silence, the hospitality and the delights of Beirã gastronomy, in a historic village surrounded by nature. Rebuilt in line with the local heritage by the architect Pedro Brígida, Colmeal has 11 rooms and 3 country houses, a relaxing SPA and an outdoor pool with water from the mountains that surround the 700 hectares of the farm. At the restaurant, you can also taste the best regional products recreated in recipes with the signature of Chef Vítor Sobral, accompanied by the unique aromas of Silêncio, white or red wine, produced locally. On foot or by bicycle, Colmeal invites you to walk the old paths of the shepherds and discover the history of the village, the landscape of the mountains, the flight of birds, the rock paintings, the streams and, above all, the silence nature's infinite. Through visits organized by the region, we can take you to discover the rock engravings of Foz Côa, take a boat trip through the Douro International, visit the Faia Brava reserve, walk through Riba Côa, watch the water birds in the Santa Maria de Aguiar dam or visit the historic village of Castelo Rodrigo, one of the 7 wonders of Portugal. Whether private or business, make an appointment with the silence of this refuge and ask us for information so that we can make your stay a unique experience. At Colmeal Countryside Hotel you will find all the serenity you need to disconnect from the world. And connect more and more with yourself.
Casa da Cisterna
Casa da Cisterna in Figueira de Castelo Rodrigo is a place of great beauty in close contact with nature and manages to unite past and present. Nine rooms and two suites carefully restored and adapted to modern life, a swimming pool and a terrace with a view as far as the eye can see (for enjoying breakfast or dinner) make this unit an excellent choice for a stay in the castle of the historical village de Castelo Rodrigo. Donkey or jeep rides across the meadow are some of the activities available locally, where the landscape is rocky and olive trees predominate. A visit to the historical villages of Castelo Rodrigo, Almeida and Castelo Mendo is a must, along with the rock carvings of Vale do Côa, the Douro Internacional Natural Park and the Faia Brava Reserve. Don’t forget to ask for a picnic basket to take on your trips.
What to do
TRY PORTUGAL Hiking & Cycling
TRY PORTUGAL is a specialised tour operator which mission is to promote the less explored and known interior regions of the Historical Villages of Portugal through active, cultural and sport tourism exploring to the maximum the Natural & Cultural Heritage of the region. All our Guided & Self-guided tours are designed so as to allow the maximum of experiences of the region’s gastronomy & wines, local habits, way of life, arts & crafts, curiosities and traditions to those who come visit. We specialized in developing partnerships, connecting local communities, services, activities and Best Stays accommodations to thus design short-breaks, 7+ days tours or your CUSTOM-MADE program. Our tours are designed to include one or more of the following activities that are available in the region: Walking & Hiking - Mountain & Road Cycling - Water trails activities - Air activities - Horseback Riding – Rock Climbing – Wellness & Yoga Retreats - Ecotourism - Geo-tourism - Cultural & Historical Tourism - Creative Residences - Impact Tourism & Volunteering - Adapted Tourism. Website: http://www.tryportugal.pt Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/tryportugal/
Beltour – Turismo e Eventos
Portugal A2Z Walking & Biking
Powered by your passion for travel, Portugal A2Z | Walking & Biking Tours was born to offer you authentic experiences in the most exclusive places in Portugal taking you to the most historic and wild landscapes in the country. With more than 10 years’ experience, we know what it takes to create the perfect adventure holiday in Portugal that you won’t soon forget. We are committed to ensuring our clients’ complete satisfaction, meeting all your needs and dedicating all the necessary time to help and support you along your journey. As walking and biking experts, we offer a variety of tours to make sure you explore the best of Portugal exactly as you wish. From fully-supported guided trips to independent self-guided adventures, we make sure that, however you choose to travel with us, you’re getting the highest level of service and access to the most beautiful parts of Portugal. Portugal is a treasure chest of deep valleys, enchanting mountain ranges, charming villages and unique traditions – and we know the best way to explore them all is at your very own pace through the backroads of the country’s most stunning landscapes. To do that, we use our extensive expertise to design completely custom-made road cycling, walking and mountain biking tours that fit perfectly into your needs and preferences. Discovering Portugal with us means you will travel in a small group (6-12 people), allowing you to stay in unique and special places away from the tourist crowds. It means getting a first-class service with our dedicated guides. And it means having the time to interact with locals, immerse yourself in Portuguese culture and enjoy the best of your favourite activity, whether that’s walking or biking, in a breath-taking scenery. Today, we offer a wealth of guided and self-guided tours on our website – all of which are fully customizable according to your preferences and needs. Whatever you choose to explore in Portugal, when you travel with us you know we will only take you to the places we like to go.
The Travel Corner
The Travel Corner develops, promotes and sells short/long tourism programs, with accommodations and activities, in the Centre of Portugal Region. The tourism offer focus on culture and heritage, with gastronomy, nature and well-being experiences enriching the whole program and making it memorable. Considering the different inflows, and the added-value to the Centre of Portugal Programs, TTC also offers touring programs with other regions of Portugal, namely Porto and Northern Portugal.